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Violation Of The Seal Of Confession (Canon Law)



Can. 2369


§ 1. Cofessarium, qui sigillum sacramentale directe
violare praesumpserit, manet excommunicatio spe-
cialissimo modo Sedi Apostolicae reservata; qui vero
indirecte tantum, obnoxius est poenis, de quibus in
can. 2368, § 1.


§ 2. Quicunquc praescriptum can. 889, § 2 ternere
violaverit, pro reatus gravitate plectatur salutari
poena, quae potest esse etiam excommunicatio.




There are two ways of breaking the seal of confession,
as described in the fourth volume of this Commentary.
Violation is direct if, together with the matter confessed,
the name of the penitent is revealed, either ex-
plicitly or by a description which reveals his identity.
It is indirect if, from the confessor's way of acting or
speaking there is danger that the sin of the penitent and
his identity become known, thus rendering confession


Can. 889, § 2, obliges also interpreters and all others 
who may in any way have acquired knowledge of con- 
fession, to keep the seal.


I. A confessor, says our canon (§ 1), who dares to 
break the seal of confession directly, remains under ex- 
communication reserved modo specialissimo to the Apos- 
tolic See.


a) The term confessor implies a priest... .


Source: "A Commentary on the New Code of the Canon Law"
(all volumes) by Dom Charles Augustine Bachofen, O.S.B., D.D., 
Imprimatur, 1918 A.D.

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